How to create a large weighted network with excel data?

I’ve learnt the way of creating a small weighted network with igraph. E.g., I create a star network with 5 vertices using the following:

g < - make_graph(edges = c(1,2, 1,3, 1,4, 1,5), n=5, directed = FALSE)
E(g)$weight < - c(1,1,2,2)

However, when I want to create a network with hundreds of vertices, this method seems to be very clumsy since we need to type so many vertices and edges. Thus, we can import network data from excel data (e.g., edge list, adjacency list, adjacency matrices). However, the three lists seem only work in unweighted networks. For example, a “edge list” data set contains only two columns, without information of edge strength.

So, I wonder how do we create a large weighted network with igraph? How should I prepare the Excel data? Thank you!

One ugly solution is to just have your weights in a row, use textjoin (Excel - convert row cells into comma separted list - Stack Overflow) to generate a list of comma separated values and then just paste those in your R file.

Maybe not the elegant solution you hoped for, but could be good enough if it’s not necessary to automate things too much.

Thank you for your answer! Although it’s quite “ugly” as you said, I will try it. Thank you again.

A more elegant approach.

## calculate dataframe
df <- read.csv(header = TRUE, sep=",", strip.white=TRUE,
text = "from, to, weight
        1, 2, 1
        1, 3, 1
        1, 4, 2
        1, 5, 2
## You can create the data with Excel or Calc whenever you prefer,
## and read from csv text file.
## See also this post in this forum:

## convert to graph
g <- graph_from_data_frame(df, vertices=seq(5) )
g <- set_edge_attr(g, "weight", value = df$weight)

## You also could try a random graph, requires no typing.
n = 5
g <- make_star(5, mode="out")
g <- set_edge_attr(g, "weight", value = runif(ecount(g) ))
g <- set_edge_attr(g, name="label", value=E(g)$weight) 
1 Like

Thank you for your great idea! I wonder whether the following (in italics) means that we need to type all the weighted ties in R, If so, will that be too complicated? Or, is the following exactly the way we prepare data in excel?
text = "from, to, weight

  •    1, 2, 1*
  •    1, 3, 1*
  •    1, 4, 2*
  •    1, 5, 2*
  •   ")*

## You ca

Input the data in excel and then save as .csv text file.

# Any comment here
# try in R: help(read.csv) and read the docs carefully
from, to, weight
1, 2, 1
1, 3, 1
1, 4, 2
1, 5, 2

Then read the file by:

fcsv <- choose.files(default="*.csv", multi = FALSE)
if (length(fcsv) == 0) q();     # quit when no input
fcon <- file(fcsv, "r")         # open connection for input
df <- read.csv(fcon, header = TRUE, sep=",", strip.white=TRUE, comment.char = "#")

Or google: read csv R base.

I’ve got it! Thank you for your patience, and I will make a try with your method. Hope to have more contact later!

I’m so glad to tell you that I have successfully made it! Now I know how to calculate the index of weighted network! Thank you soooooo much for your help, which is of great importance to me!